La Madre Tierra: Taller de Teatro con Mujeres de los Altos

El 27 de junio, el Centro Hemisférico, en colaboración con el Centro de Derechos de la Mujer de Chiapas A.C., ofreció un taller de teatro a un grupo de mujeres indígenas de los Altos de Chiapas que estaban participando en un seminario sobre la naturaleza, los derechos de la madre tierra y los derechos de las mujeres. El objetivo del curso y del taller de teatro era desarrollar ideas y soluciones para aprender más de cómo concebimos la naturaleza y los derechos, indentificar cómo la inserción del mercado en la naturaleza ha dañado a la madre tierra e identificar cómo nosotras hemos sido parte de ese daño a la naturaleza.

Después de una sesión de calentamiento de voz, las participantes del taller comenzaron a hablar de las relaciones personales que existen entre ellas como madres, hijas y hermanas y con las otras mujeres que las rodeaban en el espacio. Hicieron una lista de las relaciones maternales que tenían y tienen con la madre tierra que incluía referencias a la alimentación y el ciclo de la vida que usaron para desarrollar improvisaciones que se trataban de sus propias relaciones con sus tierras y para empezar a pensar en las diferencias entre acciones y emociones, las cuales exploraron durante otra sesión de improvisación. La mayoría de las participantes venían de comunidades indígenas, no hablaban español y nunca habían participado en ninguna obra ni ejercicio teatral. Durante las tres horas del taller, empezaron a liberarse por medio del teatro y hablaron de sus experiencias con la tierra y cómo estaban cambiando sus relaciones con ella a causa de sus actuaciones.

Al final del taller, esas mujeres, quienes no habían participado en el teatro nunca, crearon escenas en grupos de cuatro alrededor de los temas en la lista con la cual habían estado trabajando. Comenzaron primero con las acciones (sembrar maíz, preparar una cena en casa, prepararse para trabajar en la milpa etc.) sin hablar y después insertaron emociones y palabras que reflejaban sus propias experiencias cotidianas. Este proceso mutuo de capacitación permite politizar las condiciones sociales y ecológicas ya existentes con las cuales las mujeres tienen mucha experiencia y proveerles de métodos diferentes para pensar en la tierra y en sí mismas.

On June 27, Centro Hemisférico, in collaboration with the Center for Women’s Rights in Chiapas, offered a theatre workshop to a group of indigenous women hailing from the highlands of Chiapas who were participating in a symposium about the environment, mother earth, and women’s rights. The objective of the course and of the theatre workshop was to develop ideas and solutions to better understand how we conceptualize nature and notions of rights; identify how the insertion of the global market in the natural environment has damaged mother earth; and identify how we have been involved in inflicting pain on the earth.

After a vocal exercise, the workshop participants began speaking about the relationships that existed within and among them as mothers, daughters, sisters, and fellow women. They then made a list of the maternal relationships that they have had and continue to have with mother earth, which included references to sustenance and the circle of life and which they used to develop improvisations that spoke of their own relationships with the earth. These improvised scenes also allowed them to begin thinking about the differences between actions and emotions, which they explored further during a subsequent improvisation session. The majority of the participants came from indigenous communities, did not speak spanish, and had never participated in any sort of theatrical presentation or exercise. During the three-hour workshop, the women began to liberate themselves through their dramatic work, speaking of their experiences with their own lands and how such connections were changing as a result of their acting.

At the conclusion of the workshop, the women, who had never before participated in the theatre, created scenes in groups of four regarding the themes they had generated and developed throughout the morning. They initially began with silent actions (planting corn, preparing dinner at home, getting ready to work in the field, etc.) and subsequently inserted emotions and words that reflected their own daily experiences. This mutual process of capacitation prompted the politicization of the pre-existing social and ecological conditions with which the women have had much experience and provide them with different ways of thinking about land and about themselves.

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Acerca de Arte Acción

Arte Acción is an interdisciplinary platform located in San Cristóbal de las Casas, Chiapas that focuses on developing public performance programming and linking different social groups together in order to promote diverse forms of human development through diverse, continual activities geared towards increasing public awareness, personal reflection and the creation of artistic and political projects. It is a platform first developed with the Hemispheric Institute of Performance and Politics in collaboration with Fortaleza de la Mujer Maya (FOMMA), a theatre troupe of indigenous women. Arte Acción, encompasses public lectures, roundtables, performances, public actions and projections seeking to promote, present and archive performative practices as a social, cultural and political in it's collaboration and research with local, national, and international communities.